The USDA will require reporting of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus and Swine Delta Coronavirus in order to slow the spread of this disease across the United States.
Though PEDv it isn’t a reportable disease under international standards, the agency is taking the measure because of the disease’s devastating effect on swine health since being confirmed last year.
"USDA has been working closely with the pork industry and our state and federal partners to solve this problem. Together, we have established testing protocols, sequenced the virus and are investigating how the virus is transmitted," said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack. "Today's actions will help identify gaps in biosecurity and help us as we work together to stop the spread of these diseases and the damage caused to producers, industry and ultimately consumers."
In addition to requiring reporting of the PED virus, USDA will now require tracking movements of pigs, vehicles, and other equipment leaving affected premises; however, movements would still be allowed. USDA is also working with industry partners to increase assistance to producers who have experienced PED virus outbreaks in other critical areas such as disease surveillance, herd monitoring and epidemiological and technical support.
As part of USDA's coordinated response, USDA's Farm Loan Programs is working with producers to provide credit options, including restructuring loans, similar to how the Farm Service Agency successfully worked with livestock producers affected by the blizzard in South Dakota. In the case of guaranteed loans, USDA is encouraging guaranteed lenders to use all the flexibility available under existing guarantees, and to use new guarantees where appropriate to continue financing their regular customers.
The Agricultural Research Service is working with the National Animal Disease Center in Ames, Iowa to make models of the disease transmission and testing feedstuffs, contributing to some experimental vaccines to treat animals with the disease.
A question-and-answer sheet on the new reporting requirement is available on the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service website.