What is in this article?:
- South Carolina peanut growers questioning variety selection
- White mold impact
- Bailey guidelines
• Planting Bailey versus some of the more disease prone Virginia-type varieties can save growers big money on fungicide costs.
• Bailey is not a cure-all remedy for peanut production, but in terms of natural disease protection, combined with yield potential, it is a good option for many growers.
BAILEY PEANUTS in variety testing at the Edisto Research Station in Blackville, S.C.
White mold impact
A quick look at the levels of white mold, leafspot and tomato spotted wilt virus damage to the nine varieties in the test provides ample reason for the higher yields from Bailey.
The percentage of plants with white mold for Bailey was 9.2 percent — the average was 21.9 percent. Though there are several fungicides used to combat white mold, in most cases there is little that can be done to prevent yield loss once the disease develops in a peanut field.
On a scale of 1-10, from light to heavy leafspot damage, Bailey had the second lowest percentage of damage. Florida Fancy at 5.9 topped Bailey, which came in at 6.1. The average among the nine varieties in the test was 6.6.
The top disease performance for Bailey came in damage, or lack thereof, from tomato spotted wilt virus. Bailey blew away the other eight varieties in the test, with a percent stunting from the disease at only 1.7 percent. The next best variety was rated with 5.4 percent stunting. The average for all nine varieties was 8.9 percent.
Monfort points out that Bailey doesn’t always come out on top in disease resistance, but it consistently is on top or near the top in all the major diseases that pose a risk to peanut yields in South Carolina.
(For another look at new peanut varieties that are available and some in the pipeline, see Peanut growers have more, better variety options).
The South Carolina researchers carried out the test to measure value per acre, and it is no surprise that Bailey was near the top in economics as well.
GA 11J produced the top money value of $1,105 per acre, compared to Bailey at $1,083. GA 08V, FL Fancy, Sugg, Perry and Champs all produced more than $1,000 per acre.
Among both Virginia and runner type peanuts, Bailey out-distanced all varieties in terms of yield.
In tests at both the Edisto Research Station in Blackville, S.C., and the PeeDee Research Station in Florence, Bailey was the only variety to average 5,000 pounds per acre at both locations.
Among runner types in the test at both locations FL 07, with 5,536 pounds per acre in Blackville and 3,776 pounds per acre in Florence was the high yielder. GA 098, GA 06G, GA 07W and Florunner 07 all topped 5,000 pounds per acre in Blackville and between 3,124 and 3,873 at Florence.
Jay Chapin, now retired South Carolina peanut specialist has worked with Bailey since it was first developed and years before it was released as a new variety by North Carolina State University in 2009.