Just a few short years ago, Southeastern peanut producers could not have dreamed of average yields of more than 3,000 pounds per acre during a drought year.

But thanks to genetics, the exception now seems to be the rule, and there are even better varieties in the pipeline.

Extension specialists says that in 2012, there essentially will be five peanut varieties with adequate seed supplies in the Southeast — Georgia-06G, Georgia Greener, Georgia-07W, Florida-07 and Tifguard. There also are some new varieties, and there will be limited supplies of those this year, including Georgia-10T, Georgia-09B and FloRun ‘107.’

Georgia-06G is a high-yielding, tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)-resistant, large-seeded runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2006 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations. It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

It has a high level of resistance to TSWV. In multi-location tests conducted in Georgia during the past several years, it was found to have the lowest disease resistance, highest pod yield, highest TSMK grade, and highest dollar value return per acre competed to other runner types tested each year.

It combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.

Georgia Greener is a high-yielding, TSWV-resistant, typical-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2006 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations.

It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

It has a high level of resistance to TSWV. It has dark green foliage, a typical runner seed size and a medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. It has shown some moderate resistance to CBR or cylindrocladium black rot.

Georgia-07W is a high-yielding, TSWV-resistant, white mold-resistant, runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2007. It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

It has a high level of resistance to both diseases — TSWV and white mold or stem rot.

In multi-location tests conducted in Georgia during the past several years, Georgia-07W was found to be among the lowest in TSWV incidence and total disease incidence, highest in yield, grade, and dollar value return per acre.

It is a large-seeded runner-type variety with a runner growth habit and medium maturity. It also has very good stability and a wide range of adaptability.

Florida-07 is medium-late (140-plus days) runner market-type peanut with a runner growth habit.

It was released from the University of Florida in 2006.

It has shown excellent yield potential (7,000-plus pounds per acre) with good grades. Seed of Florida-07 is similar in size to C-99R and for this reason, gypsum is recommended.

It has good to excellent resistance TSWV with some white mold resistance and tolerance to leafspot.

Florida-07 has high oleic (80-plus percent) oil chemistry with good to excellent roasting, blanching and processing characteristics.