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• Thanks to some scattered showers over the past couple of months, we have potential for a good crop over much of the area, with soybean prices over $16, and at one time over $17 cash price for new crop beans,” says David Glidewell, Mid-South regional manager for ADM at Memphis.
CHARLIE STOKES, from left, Monroe County Extension agent at Aberdeen, Miss.; David Bennett, Jr., Ashland, Miss., producer; and Reid Nevins, Lowndes County Extension agent at Columbus, Miss., were among those attending the Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation and Mississippi Soybean Association joint commodity advisory committee meeting.
Near pipeline levels
If the U.S. average soybean yield comes in 38 bushels per acre as projected, Glidewell says, “Then, what has to happen is that we have to ration demand out of the market. We’ve got to take total use down to a number that will leave us with a carryover. Some say we need at least 100 million bushels for pipeline stocks in the U.S.
“Most likely today, the market perceives that the U.S. still has a very good chance to make a 40 bushel national average — if sufficient rains come to the Midwest in the next week or two. But the farther we go without that rain, the more critical the situation becomes, and the much higher the likelihood becomes there will be irreparable damage to soybean yield potential across the country. And also, the less likely we’ll approach the 40.4 bushel yield we currently have on our balance sheet.”
If the rains don’t come, Glidewell says, “Then soybeans will have to rally to force demand out of the market — get the price high enough that certain segments of the market will reduce the pace at which they buy soybeans.
“If the market starts to really believe we’ll have a 38-bushel soybean crop in this country, I think we could very easily see demand rationed out to the point of 200 to 300 million bushels, maybe more.
“How you do that? One way, you reduce crush by making the soybean meal price so high that it’s not profitable for producers, such as the poultry industry, to use it. Or maybe a Chinese customer will draw down reserves at a faster pace than they would normally in an effort to get into the new South American marketing year, when they’d expect to have a fresh supply of new beans, hopefully at much cheaper prices. Today, the market for November soybeans is much higher than for April/May.
“We’re on a market seesaw, and weather forecasts are still a very important influence on the soybean pricing structure right now. Some would say the demand figure is higher than estimated and that we’re already down to less than pipeline stocks, in which case a reduction in projected U.S. yield could mean some new historical price highs.”
Glidewell said he asked analysts for yield/price equivalents based on various national yield averages, and what each scenario would require to ration demand.
“For a national average between 36 and 38 bushels, the responses I got ranged from $18 to $19 November futures; for 35 bushels or below, they said we’d be trading beans with a 20 in front of the price. Soybeans, unlike corn, can do more with a half-inch rain — they’re a much more efficient user of water and can preserve yield a lot longer.”
In most years, when demand is rationed, he says, “The first cutback is in exports, because normally the export market is a means to get rid of our surplus. But the Chinese demand is a such a huge part of our demand base right now that it’s pretty much built in. The world has nowhere else to turn for soybeans until next February or March, when we start seeing how things look with the South American crop.