• Plan for winter by evaluating feed and forage supplies and options, including conducting forage tests to determine nutritional content of hay on hand.

Nutrition and forages

• Body Condition Score cows at weaning and separate thin cows

• Use palatable feeds and high quality hay to background calves.

• Continue stockpiling forages.

• Continue to manage first-calf heifers separately; give them the best forage. Thin mature cows could be added to this group.

• Continue to feed high Se trace mineral salt. A forage analysis can reveal what other minerals should be supplemented.

• Continue to manage growth of warm season grass pastures by rotational grazing. As warm season pastures approach dormancy, continue to use rotational grazing to manage residue.

• Store your high quality hay in the dry.

• Collect and submit forage samples for nutrient analysis.

Herd health

• In consultation with your veterinarian, finalize vaccination and pre-conditioning protocol for calf crop. Administer pre-weaning vaccinations.


• Make plans to pregnancy check heifers as soon as possible after bull removal. This will allow options in marketing open heifers.

• Remove bulls after 60 days for a controlled calving season.

• Schedule pregnancy check of the cow herd with veterinarian


• Collect 205-day weights on calf crop at appropriate time (AHIR age range 120-280 days), along with cow weights, hip heights and body condition scores (cow mature size data taken within 45 days of calf weaning measure).