What is in this article?:
- Upper Southeast crop yields coming in below previous two years
- Virginia totals
- North Carolina cotton
- Late with double-cropping
• The ‘root’ of the problem was literally a lack of root system, compounded by the inability of farmers to plant on time and to fertilize their crops on time.
• The results were inevitable and the bottom line impact of record rainfall throughout much of the cropping season will be an economic hurdle for those unfortunate to be in the heaviest hit areas.
CORN WAS the only major Southeast crop that benefitted from record rainfall across the region.
Late with double-cropping
In some of the harder hit areas, rainfall and wet fields delayed wheat harvest 4-6 weeks and pushed double-crop beans back at least that much. The result will be many acres of late-planted beans will be abandoned and even more acreage was never planted.
Despite all the weather related setbacks, North Carolina soybean growers are still expected to harvest about 30 bushels per acre.
Virginia soybeans were less affected by rainfall and wet fields, but production there is also expected to fall 2-3 bushels per acre acre below the 2012 record of 42 bushels per acre.
Even before the 2012 peanut crop was harvested, the peanut industry began clamoring for peanut growers to cut back on acreage. Growers responded with dramatic cuts in acres planted in 2013, and Mother Nature further helped the over-supply situation by lowering yields across the Peanut Belt by 200-600 pounds per acre versus 2012 totals.
Among the many grower successes over-looked in 2013, was peanut production in the Lower Southeast, where growers were hit with record rainfall, below average sunlight and many other weather related problems. Still, they were able to produce a crop that just three years ago would have been a record.
Advances in varieties and pest management systems played a key role, but dedication by peanut farmers in working through the wet weather is most likely the primary reason peanut production didn’t drop farther in 2013.
Acreage was down — way down from 2012.
In Georgia peanut acres dropped from 735,000 acres to 430,000 acres.
Other states followed suit.
Total production in Georgia dropped from 3.3 million pounds in 2012 to an estimated 1.7 million pounds in 2013.
In the two next largest peanut producing states, Florida and Alabama, production dropped from 1.63 million pounds in 2012 to 910,000 pounds this year.