What is in this article?:
• Cotton acreage is down in 2012, but cotton production, based on yield per acre, should be up in most Southeast states.
• Soybean acreage will be up significantly and yields in all states other than Virginia are projected to increase from last year.
• Peanut production is up across the board in the Southeast and most states are reporting good to excellent crop production so far this year.
• Corn harvest in nearly done across much of the Southeast and early season drought may keep yields down some, but most growers report a good crop.
Big double-crop planting
The late bloom and pod set may well be an indicator of how many soybeans were planted behind wheat this year in South Carolina and may indicate more soybeans were planted this year than projected in pre-planting surveys.
Cotton growers also report more than 70 percent of the crop in good to excellent conditions in the last week of August. More than 90 percent of bolls were reported set and 10 percent of bolls open on this year’s crop.
Growers are having similar problems with target spot as are growers in other areas of the Southeast. Scouting and proper treatment have proven to take of the problem, but growers are urged to scout their fields or have them professionally scouted to properly identify the disease and its threat to cotton yield and quality.
Though parts of Virginia escaped the wrath of the drought that plagued much of the country, the northern half of the state has areas in which the drought was worse than the 2010 drought, which significantly lowered row crop yields across the board.
Virginia’s corn yields are expected to be 91 bushels per acre, down 27 bushels per acre from last year. Production is estimated at 31.9 million bushels, down 21 percent from 2011. Growers are expected to harvest about 350,000 acres, but yields will very likely be down.
Based on conditions as of Aug. 1, yields are expected to average 123.4 bushels per acre, down 23.8 bushels from 2011, which will be the lowest average yield since 1995.
Peanut producers expect to harvest 20,000 acres, a 4,000 acre increase from the previous year. Yield is forecast at 3,300 pounds per acre, down 500 pounds from last year. Resulting production will be 66.0 million pounds, up nine percent from 2011’s production.
Soybean producers currently expect to harvest 540,000 acres with an average yield of 34 bushels per acre, down five bushels per acre from last year. Production is expected to total 18.4 million bushels, down 14 percent from last year.
Cotton yield is forecast to average 914 pounds per acre, up 238 pounds from last year’s 676 pounds per acre. If realized, production would be 160,000 bales, down one percent from last year. Producers expect to harvest 84,000 acres in 2012, down 27 percent from last year.
Tobacco is one of the few row crops in the state expecting an increase in production over last year, though that’s only for flue-cured tobacco. Flue tobacco producers currently expect yields to average 2,300 pounds, up 70 pounds from 2011.
Burley tobacco yields are expected to average 1,700 pounds, down 200 pounds from last year. Production is expected to total 4.6 million pounds, up 21 percent from 2011. Producers expect to harvest 2,700 acres, up 700 acres from the previous year.