What is in this article?:
- U.S. tobacco plant supply proves adequate ... but barely
- Burley seeded later and other tobacco news
- At one time, U.S. tobacco farmers feared the 2014 plant supply would fall 10 percent to 15 percent short of having enough plants, but most acres farmers intended to plant were planted.
U.S. TOBACCO PLANT supply at first glance was going to fall short of demand this spring. It came close, but growers found plants enough to get the acreage they were shooting for.
The supply of tobacco plants was extremely tight for the 2014 planting season, and there may not have been a single unused plant left in the U.S. Tobacco Belt when setting was done.
Extreme weather variations in late winter and early spring in most tobacco-growing areas had lead to many seedings never developing at all and others progressing way behind schedule.
But it appears that most farmers were able to find as many plants as they needed, or very close to it, according to Extension specialists and grower association leaders.
Most Virginia growers who needed plants were able to find them when other farmers finished transplanting and found they had plants left over to sell, said David Reed, Virginia Tech University Extension tobacco specialist. “Very few acres will be left unplanted.”
“At one time, we were afraid we would fall 10 percent to 15 percent short of having the plants we needed,” said Graham Boyd, executive vice president of the Tobacco Growers Association of North Carolina. “But as best I can tell, most acres that farmers intended to plant were planted.”
But there will be a difference in the plants this year compared to the past. “When it became clear that the initial seeding of plants was not going to be enough, some growers seeded their greenhouses a second time after the first seeding was set out.”
That is not an unheard of practice, but it was attempted much more often this season, Boyd said.
“We have much more 'late-seeded' tobacco in 2014 than we have ever had,” he said. “That brings a few risks. It is very likely that late-seeded plants went into hot soils. You would expect to take the risk of sacrificing some yield with tobacco planted late in hot soils.”
But many farmers decided it was an acceptable risk. “If you have irrigation, that would make it a safer choice,” said Loren Fisher, North Carolina State University Extension tobacco specialist. But really hot weather in June could cause some problems.
Still, Boyd said the situation in the field fairly guaranteed that farmers would keep setting out as long as they could find plants, even if they had been in the greenhouse for the bare minimum period.
“Some had their land ridged up already, some had fumigated already, even some had applied insecticides, and with all that done and ready to go, growers thought they could set a few late plants and take a chance on how they would turn out,” he said.