On a national basis,U.S. cornproduction is forecast at a record 13.2 billion bushels, down 2 percent from the August forecast, but up from the previous record of 13.1 billion bushels set in 2009. Based on conditions as of Sept. 1, yields are expected to average 162.5 bushels per acre, down 2.5 bushels from the previous month and 2.2 bushels below last year's record of 164.7 bushels. Forecasted yields decreased from last month throughout much of the Corn Belt, Tennessee Valley, and Delta. Yields were up from August in the lower portions of the Southeast.

Soybeanproduction is forecast at a record high 3.48 billion bushels, up 1 percent from August and 4 percent above last year. Based on Sept. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average a record high 44.7 bushels per acre, up 0.7 bushel from both last month and last year. Compared with last month, yields are forecast higher or unchanged across the central and northern Corn Belt, with the exception of Michigan. The largest increases in yield from last month are expected in Maryland and Virginia, both up 4 bushels.

With the exceptions of Louisiana and the Carolinas, yields are forecast down across the Delta States, Southern Great Plains, and Southeast. The largest decline from the Aug. 1 forecast is expected in Oklahoma, down 7 bushels as drought conditions across much of the state hampered yield expectations.

If realized, the forecasted yield in Illinois, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, and North Dakota will be a record high.

Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at 78.0 million acres, unchanged from June but up 2 percent from 2009.

All U.S. cottonproduction is forecast at 18.8 million 480-pound bales, up 2 percent from last month and up 55 percent from last year's 12.2 million bales. Yield is expected to average 839 pounds per harvested acre, up 62 pounds from last year.

Upland cotton production is forecast at 18.3 million 480-pound bales, 56 percent above 2009. Yields in the Delta region are expected to decrease from last month, while producers in Texas are expecting increased yields.

American Pima production, forecast at 497,800 bales, was carried forward from last month.