Tennessee farmers took advantage of mostly dry weather during October to make excellent harvest progress. As of Nov. 1, corn and tobacco harvest had been completed, cotton was nearing completion, and less than a quarter of the soybeans acreage remained to be harvested.

Although rainfall was abundant during the latter part of October, crops had already passed the development stage where the precipitation provided much help. The rainfall did help to green-up pastures and recharge ponds, however.

The results of a Nov. 1 survey of farmers conducted by the Tennessee Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service showed the following:

Corn, 108 bushels per acre, down 17 bushels from a year earlier; cotton, 601 pounds per acre, down 344 pounds from last year; soybeans, 20 bushels per acre, 19 bushels below the previous year.

Tennessee’s cotton production is forecast at 620,000 bales, less than half of the record crop from a year ago and the lowest output since 1999. Cotton yields are expected to average 601 pounds per acre, down 344 pounds from a year ago and also the lowest since 1999.

Producers expect to harvest 495,000 acres, down 200,000 acres from 2006. Despite some rainy periods during October, harvest progressed at a pace 2 to 3 weeks ahead of the normal pace throughout the month.

As of the week ending Nov. 4, 90 percent of the crop had been harvested.

Tennessee’s soybean production is forecast at 19.8 million bushels, down 55 percent from 2006 and the lowest since 1965. Soybean yields are expected to average 20 bushels per acre, down 3 bushel from last month’s projection and 19 bushels from a year ago.

Acreage for harvest is estimated at 990,000 acres, down 140,000 from a year ago and the lowest since 1992. Although the state received ample rainfall during the third week of October, it arrived too late to benefit the double-cropped soybeans.

As of the week ending Nov. 4, 77 percent of the crop had been harvested, over a week ahead of the normal pace.

Tennessee’s corn production is forecast at 87.5 million bushels, up 40 percent from a year earlier and the highest output in 87 years. Corn yields are expected to average 108 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from last month but 17 bushels below 2006.

Acreage for harvest is estimated at 810,000 acres for grain, up 62 percent from last year and the highest since 1985.

Harvest was virtually completed by the first week of October, over 3 weeks ahead of normal.