Based on a survey of Georgia growers contacted around Nov. 1, crop yields remained the same as the previous month for soybeans and corn, while cotton and peanuts showed an increase in yield.
Georgia’s cotton production for 2007 is expected to total 1.65 million bales (480 pounds), 20,000 bales above the Oct. 1 forecast, but 684,000 bales below the 2006 production. Harvesting conditions were very good during October.
Acreage for harvest, at 1,010,000 acres, remains unchanged from last month. The yield calculates to 784 pounds per harvested acre, up 9 pounds per acre from last month.
By the end of the first week of November, about 43 percent of the crop had been harvested, which is behind normal.
Peanut production for Georgia is forecast at 1.59 billion pounds, 3 percent more than the Oct. 1 forecast, but 1 percent less than in 2006. Yield per harvested acre is forecast at 3,050 pounds, up 100 pounds per acre from last month, and up 270 pounds from a year ago. The good yield is a reflection of showers in late August, early September and irrigation.
By the end of October, harvesting progress was about a week behind normal.
Corn yield for 2007 is expected to average 118 bushels per harvested acre, the same as last month, and six bushels per acre more than in 2006. Timely rains and irrigation provided growers with a better than expected crop. Total corn production is expected to total 55.5 million bushels from 470,000 acres harvested for grain.
Production of this size would be more than double last year’s crop. Harvest was virtually complete by the middle of October.
Soybean production is expected to total 7.95 million bushels, the same as last month, but 127 percent more than in 2006. Acreage expected for harvest is at 265,000 acres, the same as last month, but 125,000 acres more than in 2006.
Yields are expected to average 30 bushels per acre, the same as last month, and five bushels per acre more than last year. By the end of the first week of November, about 26 percent of the crop had been harvested. The five-year average for this month is 32 percent harvested.
Meanwhile, U.S. peanut production is forecast at 3.47 billion pounds, up 1 percent from last month and up marginally from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 1.19 million acres, unchanged from October but down 2 percent from last year.
Yields are expected to average 2,913 pounds per acre, up 40 pounds from last month and up 50 pounds from 2006.
Production in the Southeast states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina) is expected to total 2.47 billion pounds, up 1 percent from October but down 2 percent from last year's level.
Expected area for harvest, at 866,000 acres, is unchanged from October but down 7 percent from 2006. Yields in the region are expected to average 2,855 pounds per acre, up 36 pounds from last month and 145 pounds above 2006.
As of Oct. 28, peanut harvest was 55 percent complete in Alabama, 80 percent complete in Florida, and 57 percent complete in Georgia.
Alabama lagged behind its 5-year average by 22 percentage points, while Florida and Georgia lagged their 5-year averages by 11 and 21 points, respectively.
Peanut harvest in South Carolina, at 84 percent complete, was ahead of the 5-year average by 10 points.
Virginia/North Carolina production is forecast at 279 million pounds, up 6 percent from October but down 14 percent from 2006. Expected area for harvest, at 113,000 acres, is unchanged from October but up 12 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2,470 pounds per acre, up 144 pounds from last month but down 730 pounds from 2006.
As of Oct. 28, peanut harvest was 90 percent complete in North Carolina and 80 percent complete in Virginia, 8 percentage points ahead of their 5-year averages.