At the recent Governor’s Conference on Agricultural Trade, Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe said the commonwealth hit another milestone in agricultural exports that reached $2.85 billion in 2013. He challenged attendees to push that number to $3 billion over the next year.

The all-time high number, an 8 percent increase from 2012, were announced at the conference March 7 in Richmond, Va. Indeed, exports account for 30 percent of all farm income, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kenichiro Sasae spoke at the event and in remarks to attendees addressed Japan’s dependence and support for imported agricultural products from Virginia and the U.S.

Soybeans, Virginia’s number one export crop in 2013, were a particular favorite with the ambassador and he spoke about how staples of the Japanese diet such as tofu and natto — a traditional Japanese breakfast food made from the fermented beans — are connected to the commonwealth. He highlighted Virginia Tech’s help in making the crop a viable export to overseas markets.

“Japanese food culture is sustained by the stable supply of agricultural products from the United States,” said the ambassador. “Montague Farm in Center Cross, Va., has been producing high-quality soybeans for the Japanese market since 1987. In conjunction with Virginia Tech, they make a large annual investment in developing special high-quality soybean varieties to make natto. This is one example of how Virginia’s farmers have helped support Japan’s traditional cuisine.”

Among other top Virginia exports were wheat, corn, pork, and tobacco. Virginia wine exports broke not only financial barriers but also committed a bit of a cultural coup by breaking into the top two global wine markets of London and Beijing.

“The agricultural research provided by Virginia Tech – in Blacksburg at the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station and across the state at the university’s eleven Agricultural Research and Extension Centers – is invaluable to the prosperity of Virginia’s diverse agricultural economy, especially our growing export sector,” said Todd Haymore, Virginia’s agriculture secretary.

The event was co-hosted by the Virginia Tech Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, the Virginia Department of Agricultural and Consumer Services, Virginia Farm Bureau, and the Virginia Port Authority.

“We’re very pleased to have partnered with Governor McAuliffe to co-host this conference on agricultural trade,” said Alan Grant, dean of the Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. “As a land-grant university, Virginia Tech is committed to the research and education that will continue to help drive the economic engine of the largest industry in the commonwealth.”

 “Virginia Tech’s Agricultural Research Experiment Station and the Agricultural Research and Extension Centers have been, and will continue to be, key team members in Virginia’s overall efforts to help meet international demands, which will provide our grower base with more opportunities to expand production and generate increased revenue for their farming operations,” he said.

The conference began six years ago when Ambassador Richard Crowder, the C.G. Thornhill Professor of Agricultural Trade in the college, reached out to Virginia's agriculture community to initiate a conference on global trade and policy.

Virginia farmers’ 2014 acreage intentions

The Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services announced March 31 that Virginia’s corn producers intend to decrease acreage in 2014 to 500,000 acres. This is according to the results of a survey conducted March 1, 2014 by the Virginia Field Office of the USDA’s National Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS). If realized, planted acreage would be 10,000 acres below last year.

Winter wheat acres decreased 9 percent to 290,000 acres. Barley acreage seeded last fall for all uses was 58,000 acres, down 9,000 acres from last year. Virginia’s oat producers intend to plant 11,000 acres, up 1,000 acres from the previous year.

Cotton producers expect to plant 82,000 acres, up 5 percent from last year. Peanut producers intend to plant 18,000 acres, an increase of 2,000 acres from last year.

Soybean producers expect to plant 600,000 acres, no change from last year.

Tobacco acreage intentions devoted to flue-cured are 22,000 acres, an increase from last year’s acreage of 21,500. Fire-cured tobacco producers intend to harvest 380 acres, up 30 acres from last year. Burley producers intend to harvest 2,200 acres this year which is a decrease of 200 acres from 2013.

Land intended for hay production is 1,250,000 acres, up 1 percent from 2013.

Planting of major row crops is just in the beginning or planning stages. Therefore, producers may change their plans as the planting season progresses.