The September 2010 U.S. peanut production forecast is set at 4.09 billion pounds, up 1 percent from earlier predictions and up 11 percent from last year. Based on USDA data, planted area, at 1.29 million acres, is unchanged from the June estimate but up 16 percent from the previous year.

Area for harvest is expected to total 1.26 million acres, unchanged from August but up 17 percent from 2009.

Yields are expected to average 3,242 pounds per acre, up 38 pounds from August but down 170 pounds from last year.

Peanut production in the Southeast states, including Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and South Carolina, is expected to total 3.11 billion pounds, up 3 percent from August and 11 percent higher than last year. Planted area, at 987,000 acres, is up 2 percent from June and 16 percent higher than 2009.

Area for harvest in the Southeast is forecast at 965,000 acres, up 2 percent from August and up 17 percent from last year.

Yields in the region are expected to average 3,223 pounds per acre, up 41 pounds from August but 150 pounds below last year’s average yield. Expected yields increased from last month by 100 pounds in Georgia and South Carolina, but decreased 100 pounds in Alabama due to severe drought conditions and extreme heat. Yields are unchanged from August in Florida and Mississippi.

 

Virginia-Carolina production

Virginia-North Carolina peanut production is forecast at 307 million pounds, down 4 percent from August but up 6 percent from 2009. Planted area, at 107,000 acres, is down 4 percent from June but up 35 percent from last year. Area for harvest is forecast at 106,000 acres, down 5 percent from August but up 36 percent from the previous year.

The average yield in Virginia is forecast at 2,898 pounds per acre, up 21 pounds from last month but 802 pounds below last year. Hot, dry weather conditions this summer have resulted in lower yields in the region, but recent rains in Virginia have aided the crop, resulting in an increase in expected yield from August of 200 pounds. Expected yield in North Carolina is unchanged from August.

Southwestern peanut production, including New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas, is expected to total 671 million pounds, down 5 percent from August but up 11 percent from last year. Planted area is estimated at 196,000 acres, down 6 percent from June but up 5 percent from 2009. Area for harvest, at 190,000 acres, is down 6 percent from August but 9 percent higher than last year.

Yields in the region are expected to average 3,532 pounds per acre, up 42 pounds from August and 63 pounds higher than the previous year. Expected yields are down from last month in New Mexico and Oklahoma but are up in Texas, the largest state in the region.

In other USDA crop production forecasts, corn production is set at 13.2 billion bushels, up from 13.1 billion bushels in 2009. All cotton production is forecast at 18.8 million 480-pound bales, up 2 percent from last month and up 55 percent from last year’s 12.2 million bales. Soybean production is forecast at a record 3.48 billion bushels, up 1 percent from August and up 4 percent from last year.

phollis@farmpress.com