Just a few short years ago, Southeastern peanut producers could not have dreamed of average yields of more than 3,000 pounds per acre during a drought year.

But thanks to genetics, the exception now seems to be the rule, and there are even better varieties in the pipeline.

Extension specialists says that in 2012, there essentially will be five peanut varieties with adequate seed supplies in the Southeast — Georgia-06G, Georgia Greener, Georgia-07W, Florida-07 and Tifguard. There also are some new varieties, and there will be limited supplies of those this year, including Georgia-10T, Georgia-09B and FloRun ‘107.’

Georgia-06G is a high-yielding, tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)-resistant, large-seeded runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2006 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations. It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

It has a high level of resistance to TSWV. In multi-location tests conducted in Georgia during the past several years, it was found to have the lowest disease resistance, highest pod yield, highest TSMK grade, and highest dollar value return per acre competed to other runner types tested each year.

It combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.

Georgia Greener is a high-yielding, TSWV-resistant, typical-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2006 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations.

It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

It has a high level of resistance to TSWV. It has dark green foliage, a typical runner seed size and a medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. It has shown some moderate resistance to CBR or cylindrocladium black rot.

Georgia-07W is a high-yielding, TSWV-resistant, white mold-resistant, runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2007. It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

It has a high level of resistance to both diseases — TSWV and white mold or stem rot.

In multi-location tests conducted in Georgia during the past several years, Georgia-07W was found to be among the lowest in TSWV incidence and total disease incidence, highest in yield, grade, and dollar value return per acre.

It is a large-seeded runner-type variety with a runner growth habit and medium maturity. It also has very good stability and a wide range of adaptability.

Florida-07 is medium-late (140-plus days) runner market-type peanut with a runner growth habit.

It was released from the University of Florida in 2006.

It has shown excellent yield potential (7,000-plus pounds per acre) with good grades. Seed of Florida-07 is similar in size to C-99R and for this reason, gypsum is recommended.

It has good to excellent resistance TSWV with some white mold resistance and tolerance to leafspot.

Florida-07 has high oleic (80-plus percent) oil chemistry with good to excellent roasting, blanching and processing characteristics.

Tifguard a popular variety

Tifguard is a high-yielding, medium-maturity, runner market-type peanut variety.

It was jointly released by the USDA-ARS and the University of Georgia.

It is the first peanut variety with a high level of resistance to both the peanut root-knot nematode and TSWV.

It has a runner-type growth habit with dark green foliage and a prominent main stem.

It has demonstrated very good yields and grades when tested with no nematode pressure in tests in Georgia, Alabama, Florida and South Carolina.

When tested in fields with high nematode pressure, it has demonstrated very good yields and grades without the use of nematicides.

Tifguard also has a moderate level of resistance to leafspot.

Georgia-10T is a high-yielding, high-grading, high TSWV-resistant, large-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that was released by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations in 2010.

It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

During three years (2007-2009) it averaged more than 20 multi-location tests in Georgia, it had significantly less mid-season TSWV incidence and late-season total disease incidence, higher yield, grade and dollar value compared to Georgia-01R.

It is most similar to the multiple resistant variety Georgia-01R in later maturity. During the past three years (2008-2010) at multi-locations in Georgia, when planted early (mid-April) to increase TSWV disease pressure and planted also in mid-May, Georgia-10T was again found to be among the lowest in TSWV incidence and total disease incidence, highest in pod yield, highest in TMSK grand, and highest in dollar value return per acre compared to Tifguard and other runner-type varieties.

It should be an excellent variety for an earlier planting option in the Southeast because of its high-TSWV incidence and later maturity. Limited seed supplies will be available for Georgia-10T in the 2012 planting season.

Georgia-09B is a new high-yielding, high-oleic, TSWV-resistant, medium-seeded runner-type peanut that was released in 2009 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations.

It was developed at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton, Ga.

Georgia-09B originated from the first backcross made with Georgia Green as the recurrent parent. Georgia-09B has the high-oleic and low linoleic fatty acid ratio for improved oil quality and longer shelf-life of peanut and peanut products.

During the three years (2006-08) averaged over 27 multi-location tests in Georgia, Georgia-09B had a lower percent TSWV disease incidence, higher pod yield, higher TSMK grade, larger seed size, and higher dollar value return per acre compared to Georgia Green.

During the three years 2007-09, Georgia-09B was also found to have the best overall performance compared to four other high-oleic runner-types: Florida-07, York, AT-3085RO, and McCloud.

Georgia-09B combines the excellent roasted flavor of Georgia Green with the high-oleic trait in a medium maturity, medium-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that has high yields, high TSMK grades, and high dollar value returns per acre.

Florun ‘107’ is a medium-maturing (133-140 days), high-oleic runner market-type peanut variety with normal runner seed size similar to Florunner and Georgia Green.

It has excellent resistance to TSWV.

The seed size is similar to Georgia Greener and it produces a high percentage of medium kernels in the grading process. It has moderate resistance to white mold.

The maturity of Florun ‘107’ is similar to Georgia Green and requires about 135 days to mature under irrigated conditions in Florida.

It will help fill the need for a medium-sized runner peanut seed with high-oleic oil chemistry.

The seed supply of Florun ‘107’ is limited and will be grown for registered seed this year.

(Peanut prices are strong early in 2012, but there are acreage questions. For a rundown on that situation, visit http://southeastfarmpress.com/markets/peanut-prices-strong-2012-acreage-question. And the thinking on planting dates has changed somewhat. To see what the experts are now saying, go to http://southeastfarmpress.com/peanuts/peanut-growers-advised-plant-more-their-crop-april).

phollis@farmpress.com