U.S. producers planted more cotton, corn and soybeans this year and reduced plantings of wheat, according to USDA’s June 30 Acreage Report.

Cotton acres are estimated 19 percent higher, while corn and soybeans are both up 2 percent from last year’s plantings. Soybean acreage, if realized, would be a record.

Cotton plantings for 2010 are estimated at 10.9 million acres, 19 percent above last year. Upland planted area is estimated at 10.7 million acres, also up 19 percent from 2009. Increased planted acres are expected in all states except Louisiana, where acres are unchanged from last year’s record low. In Alabama, California, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee, planted acreage increased over 30 percent, with California experiencing the largest percentage gain with a 76 percent increase. American-Pima cotton growers planted 209,000 acres, up 48 percent from 2009.

The increase is 400,000 acres over USDA’s March report on intended plantings and is expected to be negative for the market.

Corn planted area for all purposes in 2010 is estimated at 87.9 million acres, up 2 percent from last year. The largest increases in planted acreage compared to last year are reported in Illinois and Kansas, both up 600,000 acres from 2009. Other notable increases were shown in Indiana, up 400,000 acres; Missouri, up 300,000 acres; and Ohio, up 250,000 acres. The largest decrease in planted acreage is reported in Iowa, down 400,000 acres, while both Nebraska and South Dakota are down 350,000 acres from the previous year.

Soybean planted area for 2010 is estimated at a record high 78.9 million acres, up 2 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 78 million acres, is also up 2 percent from 2009, and would be the largest harvested area on record, if realized.

Compared with last year, planted acreage increased by 300,000 acres or more in Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, and Nebraska. The states with the largest declines compared with last year are Arkansas, down 270,000 acres, and North Carolina, down 250,000 acres. Record high planted acreage is estimated in Kansas, Nebraska, New York, and Pennsylvania, and planted area will tie the previous record high in Minnesota and Oklahoma.

Wheat planted area is estimated at 54.3 million acres, down 8 percent from 2009 and the lowest U.S. total since 1971. The 2010 winter wheat planted area, at 37.7 million acres, is 13 percent below last year. Of this total, about 28.5 million acres are hard red winter, 5.8 million acres are soft red winter, and 3.4 million acres are white winter. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2010 is estimated at 13.9 million acres, up 5 percent from 2009. Of this total, about 13.3 million acres are hard red spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2010 is estimated at 2.68 million acres, up 5 percent from the previous year. Growers in North Dakota planted more wheat than Kansas for only the fourth time on record.

e-mail: erobinson@farmpress.com