What is in this article?:
- Wet summer put damper on 2013 peanut yields
- Thrips hit peanuts hard
• Excessive rainfall in the lower Southeast this year probably will prevent producers from harvesting the record peanut yields seen in 2013.
UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA Extension peanut agronomist John Beasley describes crop conditions during the recent Field Crops Field Day at the Wiregrass Research and Extension Center in Headland, Ala.
Although rainfall has been more than plentiful in the Southeast this year, Extension specialists from Alabama and Georgia don’t believe peanuts will make the record-high yields seen in 2012.
“Some people think we’ll make as many peanuts as we did last year, but I disagree with that,” says Kris Balkcom, Auburn University Extension peanut specialist.
University of Georgia Extension peanut agronomist John Beasley is in agreement. “Even though the temperatures this year have been slightly cooler, and it has definitely been wetter than last year when we broke yield records, we’re not going to approach those kinds of records this year,” he says.
Balkcom and Beasley reviewed their respective states’ peanut crops during the recent Field Crops Field Day at the Wiregrass Research and Extension Center in Headland, Ala.
“With the amount of rain we’ve had in Alabama, we look similar to last year with a little bit more rain,” says Balkcom. “Last year, we set a yield record in the state with 4,000 pounds per acre on about 218,000 acres. We cut back to about 138,000 acres this year, according to FSA.”
While weather conditions may appear similar to last year, there are differences between the production season in 2012 and this year, he says.
“One thing that was different last year is that we planted a lot of peanuts at the end of April and the first of May. We had warmer temperatures and dry conditions at harvest, so everything was in on time. It started raining at about the first week of August. That set a huge crop, our peanuts was fairly old, and it continued to rain. We had cooler temperatures, and that in turn put a lot of those pegs to fruit, and a lot of blooms were able to set with cooler temperatures, so everything went really well,” says Balkcom.
This year, however, conditions were cool and wet early in the season and not many peanuts were planted in April.