What is in this article?:
- Southeast peanut growers face good news, bad news situation
- Underground stink bug
• Overall, peanut yields likely will be well under 3,000 pounds per acre by the time everything shakes out.
• Overall peanut supply as well as quality will be down for the 2010 production season.
Underground stink bug
The burrower bug, he explains, can be thought of as an underground stink bug. It burrows into the ground and pushes through the hull and into the kernel while peanuts are still in the ground.
“When shellers look at that kernel during the grading process, that’s one area of damage. The loan rate is $335 on a good peanut and $140 on a Seg 2. peanut. That’s a huge price difference and growers are getting hammered. Seg. 3 peanuts are when graders see visual signs of A flavus mold which creates aflatoxin. These will be factored into the overall yield.
“With peanuts, we’re producing a food ingredient, and these peanuts will have to be removed from the food chain. Our kernel yields will be down on a total basis, and our edible yield will be down even more significantly. This is why manufacturers and processors are extremely worried right now. Normal milling losses can be from 4 to 5 percent, and some are projecting that a lot of these loads will have losses of 17 to 18 percent. It’ll be extremely tough shelling these peanuts,” says Lamb.
This year’s dip in the average yield differs from the past two seasons, when yields have been extremely good, he says. “During the past two years, a lot of people said that the good yields were due to improved varieties and genetics. We do have some good peanut varieties, but I think it has been more due to the weather, and we’re seeing that in 2010.”
Peanut acreage has fluctuated greatly since the 2002 farm bill and the loss of the old quota program, says Lamb.
“We need a 500,000-ton carry-forward in peanuts from one year to the next. Our mills can process 165,000 tons per month, and our marketing year ends in July and starts back in August. We need a carry-forward to keep the mills running in August, September and October while we’re getting the new crop out. We’ve changed our planting dates over the years, making this period of time shorter.”
If you want to see a peanut processor or manufacturer sweat, let the carry-forward get below 500,000 tons, says Lamb. This occurred in 2007 going into 2008, and prices jumped from $450 per ton to $550 per ton. There also was a huge acreage response, followed by above-average yields and a flooded market, he says.
“The demand for peanuts is very strong,” he says. “In a bad economy, the biggest bang for your buck is to buy peanut butter for the protein to help feed your family. While a bad economy is not good in itself, it has been good for the peanut industry. Peanut snacks now are showing the highest demand of any other snack foods category, and it’s in the double digits.”