What is in this article?:
- Peanut seed price, quality and supply all look good for 2013
- Spread genetics around
- Losing yield on back end
- Limited supply this year
• Seed supply should be plentiful, seed quality should be good, and seed prices should be considerably lower than last year, when there was such a tight supply on commercially available peanuts for the edible market.
MORE THAN 1,800 producers and others attended the 37th annual Georgia Peanut Farm Show and Conference was in Tifton on Thursday, Jan. 17, at the University of Georgia Tifton Campus Conference Center. The show is sponsored by the Georgia Peanut Commission in cooperation with the University of Georgia.
Limited supply this year
Limited seed supplies will be available for Georgia-09B in the 2013 planting season, Beasley says, so growers should consider an early seed request for the upcoming growing season.
Georgia-09B originated from the first backcross made with Georgia Green as the recurrent parent. Georgia-09B has the high-oleic and low linoleic fatty acid ratio for improved oil quality and longer shelf-life of peanut and peanut products.
During the three years averaged over 27 multi-location tests in Georgia, Georgia-09B had a lower percent TSWV disease incidence, higher pod yield, higher TSMK grade, larger seed size, and higher dollar value return per acre compared to Georgia Green.
During the three years 2007-09, Georgia-09B was also found to have the best overall performance compared to four other high-oleic runner-types: Florida-07, York, AT-3085RO and McCloud.
Georgia-09B combines the excellent roasted flavor of Georgia Green with the high-oleic trait in a medium maturity, medium-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that has high yields, high TSMK grades, and high dollar value returns per acre.
Georgia-10T is a high-yielding, high-grading, high-TSWV resistant, large-seeded, runner-type variety peanut that was released in 2010 by the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station. Georgia 10T is most similar to the multiple resistant variety Georgia-01R in later maturity.
During three years (2009-11) at multiple locations in Georgia when planted early (mid-April) and planted also in mid-May, Georgia-10T was again found to be among the lowest in TSWV incidence and TD incidence, highest in pod yield, highest in TSMK grade, and highest in dollar value return per acre compared to Tifguard and other runner-type varieties.
Georgia-10T should be an excellent variety for an earlier planting option in the Southeast because of its high-TSWV resistance and later maturity.
Florun ‘107’ is a medium-maturing (133 to 140 days), high-oleic runner market-type peanut variety with normal runner seed size similar to Florunner and Georgia Green. It has excellent resistance to TSWV.
The seed size is similar to Georgia Greener and it produces a high percentage of medium kernels in the grading process.
It has moderate resistance to white mold The maturity of Florun ‘107’ is similar to Georgia Green and requires about 135 days to mature under irrigated conditions in Florida. It will help fill the need for a medium-sized runner peanut seed with high-oleic oil chemistry.
Two new runner varieties released in 2013 include TUFRunner ‘727’ and Georgia-12Y. There will be limited seed available for 2013 for both of these new varieties.
TUFRunner ‘727’ is a medium to medium late-maturing (130 to 145 days), high-oleic, runner market type peanut cultivar with very good resistance to white mold, resistance to TSWV, and some resistance to late leaf spot.
It has a prostrate, runner growth habit with large vines and large runner seed size. Yield and grand of TUFRunner ‘727’ have been excellent. The prefix “TUF” is an acronym for the University of Florida from which it was released in 2011. It was developed at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Marianna, Fla. Seed of TUFRunner ‘727’ will be in limited supply in 2013.
Georgia-12Y is a new high-yielding, TSWV-resistant and white mold-resistant, medium-seeded, runner-type variety that was released by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations in 2012. It was developed at the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton Campus.
During three-years averaged over multi-location tests in Georgia, Georgia-12Y had significantly higher yield, dollar value return per acre, and number of seed per pound compared to Georgia-10T.
However, Georgia-10T has a higher TSMK grade than Georgia-12Y. Georgia-12Y is most similar to Georgia-10T in later maturity. Both should be excellent varieties for an early planting date option in the Southeast U.S. peanut production area.