What is in this article?:
- New, improved peanut varieties now available
• An improved variety benefits the entire peanut industry, from the farmer to the consumer.
Florida-07 is a medium-to-late runner market-type peanut released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown excellent yield potential with good grades. Seed is similar in size to C-99R and, for this reason, gypsum is recommended for additional calcium. It has good to excellent resistance to TSWV, some white mold resistance and tolerance to leafspot. Florida-07 has high-oleic oil chemistry with good-to-excellent roasting, blanching and processing characteristics.
Georgia-09B, says Branch, is a new high-yielding, high-oleic, TSWV-resistant, medium-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2009 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station. It was developed at the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton. Limited seed supplies will be available for Georgia-09B in the 2011 planting season, he says, so growers should consider an early seed request for the upcoming season.
Georgia-09B originated from the first backcross made with Georgia Green as the recurrent parent. Georgia-09B has the high-oleic and low linoleic fatty acid ratio for improved oil quality and longer shelf-life of peanut and peanut products.
During the three years (2006-08) averaged over 27 multi-location tests in Georgia, Georgia-09B had a lower percent TSWV disease incidence, higher pod yield, higher TSMK grade, larger seed size, and higher dollar value return per acre compared to Georgia Green. During the three years 2007-09, Georgia-09B was also found to have the best overall performance compared to four other high-oleic runner-types: Florida-07, York, AT-3085RO and McCloud.
Georgia-09B, says Branch, combines the excellent roasted flavor of Georgia Green with the high-oleic trait in a medium maturity, medium-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that has high yields, high TSMK grades, and high dollar value returns per acre.
Looking at what’s in the peanut breeding pipeline, Branch says Georgia-10T is the most recent development. It’s a high-yielding, high TSWV-resistant runner-type with a runner growth habit. It has medium to late maturity with a dark-green leaf color.
“It has a higher percentage of SMK’s (sound mature kernels) and offers the option of an earlier planting date. But there will be no seed available for planting this year. It has a good disease package, high yields and 2 percent higher grades than anything else in the trials with 77 percent SMK’s,” says Branch.