South Carolina peanut growers planted a record number of acres this spring and North Carolina growers upped acreage significantly enough to stay ahead of their neighbors to the South.

The extra acres didn’t come without some struggles and enough delays to lead some to wonder what impact late planting may have on total yield and quality.

Although the majority of the Carolina peanut crop is doing well so far, growers are still having germination/stand problems with a few of the late planted runner varieties. Some growers were able to replant while others either could not get seed or ran out of time.

Estimates are that more than 95 percent of peanuts were planted by June 8 in the Carolinas. If so, yield expectations of 3,400 to 3,600 pounds per acre are possible.

However, it’s hard to know how many acres of peanuts suffered stand losses from cool, wet and cloudy conditions during prime time for planting and how many of these acres were replanted late.

In the southern end of the Carolina peanut belt many growers were delayed planting by as much as a month because of a lack of moisture.

Luray, S.C., peanut and cotton grower Bud Bowers says 2012 was one of his most frustrating planting seasons because of the lack of moisture. Despite having about half his crop under irrigation, the veteran South Carolina grower says he still got behind on both crops and planted later than he planned.

Early July was not ideal for peanut production in the Carolinas. In North Carolina, as of July 1, 55 percent of North Carolina fields were rated as short or very short of moisture. By the first week of July crops in many areas of the state were beginning to show heat stress, according to reports from the North Carolina Crops and Weather Report.

By mid-July, many crops were in moderate to severe drought stress throughout the Virginia-Carolina belt.

Whether or not seeding problems will significantly impact planted acres remains to be seen.

As of April planting time, grower’s intentions surveys indicated South Carolina may push 100,000 acres of peanuts this year — a state record and pushing the Palmetto state close to the acreage planted in North Carolina.

South Carolina Peanut Specialist Scott Monfort says this year’s peanut crop in South Carolina had one of the longest planting seasons ever.