What is in this article?:
• To try and get an estimate on the 2013 U.S. peanut crop, a questionnaire was submitted to Peanut Belt agronomists asking them for their thoughts and comments on the upcoming production year.
U.S. PEANUT ACREAGE is expected to decline significantly this year, but a late rush by China to purchase more exports could push the number higher than expected.
A lot of new growers
Production issues there mostly were due to having a lot of new growers. They were planting with 12-row planters and digging with eight-row diggers.
There was some thrips and hopper damage and some tomato spotted wilt virus pressure.
Buying points were challenged with a demand for trailers.
Primary cultivars included GA-06G, GA-09B and Florida-07 and Florida-107.
Texas peanut acreage in 2012 was at 125,000, and they expect an acreage drop of about 10 to 15 percent, down to 110,000 acres. Yields in 2012 were 3,800 pounds per acre.
Key production issues included drought and lack of uniform maturity. Water stress and split crops were seen in 2012.
Primary cultivars included FlavorRunner 458, Tamrun-OL07 and some Virginia-types. Seed availability was an issue in 2012 and is expected to continue in 2013. Price premiums for Valencia-types did affect acreage this past year.
Mississippi’s acreage last year was 49,000 with a yield of 4,400 pounds per acre. They expect that acreage to be down to about 20,000 this year. The main reason is that they have a large grain infrastructure for corn and soybeans, so it’s easy for growers to convert to other crops.
Primary varieties planted are GA-06G and Florida-07.
Alabama’s acreage in 2012 was at 218,000, with a yield of 4,000 pounds per acre. That is expected to be down 20 to 25 percent to about 170,000 acres in 2013.
Before the 2002 farm bill, Alabama generally grew about 200,000 acres of peanuts every year, and the crop was grown in only 17 counties. Now, peanuts are grown in 33 counties with essentially the same acreage, so rotations have improved and that has helped with yields.
Key production issues include dry weather, especially since most of Alabama’s crop is non-irrigated. Early planting did allow peanuts to wait for rainfall later in the season. Most of the peanuts were not dug until they were 160 days old. Some were 180 days old and made very good yields.
Primary cultivars grown are GA-06G and Florida-07.