From the Virginia-Carolina area to Texas, new peanut varieties have been in good supply over the past two years. Here's a list and description of varieties that could help you make a decision about which variety to plant next year.
Perry: Perry had all the right pedigree, but the misfortune of coming out at a time tomato spotted wilt virus reared it ugly head with a vengeance in the V-C area. The variety hasn't held up to the increase of TSWV since its release in 2000. “It's no secret that people have been disappointed,” says Tom Isleib, North Carolina State University peanut breeder. “A lot of growers won't plant Perry again.”
Those who do should follow all the management practices that help reduce TSWV incidence, including high seeding rate and a planting date around May 10. “It's a shame — Perry has good resistance to CBR and some to Sclerotinia blight.” NC-V 11, Gregory and VA 98-R seem to do a little better against TSWV.
AgraTech Seeds is still in the process of deciding among a few lines to release next fall, says Bill Anderson of AgraTech. They have three newer varieties released in the last several years.
AT 201: A medium maturity runner for the Southeast, this variety has TSWV tolerance. It is a large-seeded runner. Plenty of seed available.
VC-2: A medium-maturity Virginia grown in west Texas because of seed coat problems that showed up in V-C area, this variety has medium maturity. TSWV resistance. Plenty of seed available.
AT 1-1: An earlier maturing runner variety, AT 1-1 is being used in west Texas. Plenty of seed available. It's not as tolerant to TSWV as AT 201. Plenty of seed available.
NemaTAM — A follow-up to COAN, NemaTAM yields 32 percent higher than its predecessor under heavy root-knot nematode pressure. It's basically Florunner with a nematode-resistance gene, says Charles Simpson, Texas Ag Experiment Station peanut breeder. Limited seed availability.
Olin — Named in honor of long-time peanut breeder Olin Smith, it's a high-oleic Spanish cross between Tamspan 90 and UF 435 Spanish. Limited availability.
Tamrun OL01 — The first high-oleic runner from Simpson's Texas A&M program, Tamrun OL01 grades as a small Virginia. It was released as an alternative to FlavRunner 458 in West Texas. Yields higher than Tamrun 96, with disease resistance to Sclerotinia, southern blight, and TSWV tolerance.
Application has been made for a release of a sister line to this high-oleic runner, Simpson says. The variety would not be available to growers until 2004.
Among the six new Florida releases from Dan Gorbet's program: Andru II, GP-1, Norden, Hull, Carver and DP-1.
Andru II: It's an early-maturing, high oleic runner. It is high yielding and has TSWV resistance. It is contracted to Anderson Peanut Company.
GP-1: An early-maturing, high oleic runner, contracted to Golden Peanut Company. Weak TSWV resistance. Suited for West Texas.
Norden: Named for Florida peanut breeder Al Norden, it's a medium, high oleic variety with good yields and good TSWV resistance. Replacement for SunOleic 97R. Norden is a general release variety.
Hull: A late-maturing jumbo runner variety with excellent yield and good resistance to TSWV. It also has excellent resistance to white mold. It is being touted as a replacement for C-99R. Hull, named for an early peanut breeder, is also a general release variety.
Carver: A medium maturity runner with excellent yields and very good TSWV resistance. Carver boasts some white mold resistance and is a general release.
DP-1: A late-season runner with excellent TSWV, white mold and leafspot resistance. Contracted to Damascus Peanut Company.
Among the three new Georgia releases, out of Bill Branch's program: Georgia Hi O/L, Georgia-01R and an as-yet-unnamed variety, GA 982508.
Georgia Hi O/L: A medium-maturity, high oleic runner with high TSWV resistance. The variety has a high amount of extra large kernels.
Georgia-01R: A late-maturing runner with good resistance to TSWV, early and late leafspot, white mold, Cylindracladium black rot (CBR) and leafhopper. Georgia 01-R is first released variety to have resistance to an insect. It has a tan seed coat.
An unnamed variety, GA 982508, is a high-oleic, medium-maturing runner with seed size slightly larger than AgraTech-201. The variety has excellent TSWV resistance and some CBR resistance.