“That’s a hard burden to overcome for the small-scale farmer.”

Robert Byrd of Green Valley Farms, Inc., in Montevallo, Ala., said he has used the H-2A program for 13 years.

Byrd, a wholesale nursery supplier, said his concern is how the new law will affect his customers — those in the landscaping and housing industries.

“A lot of our customers are using illegals — everybody knows that,” Byrd said. “If their labor force is restricted, they’re not going to be able to buy our products.”

Byrd said he was pleased with the attorneys’ presentations.

“The lawyers weren’t trying to scare us — they were trying to inform us,” he said. “They let us know we can do all this by ourselves, but that it might be a good idea to have someone come in and audit to make sure we aren’t making some careless mistakes.”

Byrd, like most other farmers, is supportive of immigration reform, but said H-2A is expensive and difficult for many farmers.

“There should be a way for people to come into this country legally, and there is a way, but there’s so many hoops you have to jump through,” Byrd said.

Byrd said most of his workers are from Mexico, although he said he has tried to employ American workers before.

“With H-2A, you have to hire anybody who comes and accepts the job,” Byrd said.

“In 13 years, we have had about six American employees that have lasted more than a week. We had two or three last year that made it a couple of months, but most of them are gone within a week. We can’t deal with a labor force that doesn’t want to be there.”

Higginbotham echoed Byrd’s concerns about the lack of labor the law may cause.

“Although compliance with the E-verify system is needed, the immediate need for many Alabama farmers is the need for labor,” Higginbotham said. “How we help farmers address this remains an ongoing effort by the Farmers Federation.”

The last seminar is Aug. 31 from 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. at the Jackson Conference Center in Huntsville.