All three countries with current pending free trade agreements are important customers of U.S. wheat growers. Last year, the United States exported 645,000 metric tons (MT) of wheat to Colombia, 123,000 MT to Panama and 1.1 million MT to South Korea. At today’s export prices, that wheat represents about $650 million in export sales. 

“We cannot afford to miss out on these markets as these countries are not waiting for the United States,” Stoner said. “We encourage the Obama Administration to prepare and submit all three free trade agreements to Congress for a ratification vote as soon as possible, and we urge the House and Senate to vote for their swift passage.” 

Without the pending free trade agreements, U.S. wheat producers will lose market share. Competitors including Australia, Canada, the European Union and Argentina have already concluded agreements or are negotiating their own bilateral agreements, which will effectively shut the United States out of wheat markets in some cases. 

For example, when the Colombia-Canada FTA becomes effective this summer, millers that would prefer to use U.S. wheat will have to turn to cheaper duty-free wheat from Canada to remain competitive. The tariff disadvantage would result in a more than $100 million per year loss to U.S. wheat farmers. 

Nearly 80 percent of the wheat produced in Montana is exported. Overall, the United States exports about half of total wheat production each year. For the 2010/2011 marketing year, USDA indicates that exports will be 34.7 million metric tons (MMT), representing 58 percent of U.S. production and 28 percent of world wheat trade. 

 For more information, visit or contact your state wheat commission.