What is in this article?:
- Whatever happened to dollar cotton?
- Bearish numbers prevail
• USDA bumped its estimate of world ending stocks for 2012-13 to a record 76.5 million bales in September.
• That's enough cotton to supply 71 percent of the world's needs in 2013-14.
• Cotton analysts believe the cotton market will hold steady, and advise producers to price cotton on rallies that may occur next spring.
Bearish numbers prevail
While that could be price bullish to price neutral, U.S. fundamentals continue to be swallowed up the bearish world numbers, Robinson said. USDA shrunk the range on the projected farm price to 65 cents to 78 cents a pound.
Robinson noted that 2013 cotton futures are trading at a few cents over 2012, after being inverted much of the early spring. “That is suggesting that the fundamentals for 2013 might be the same as what we have now, or maybe just a little bit better,” Robinson said.
Acreage reductions could be significant, here and around the world Robinson said. “We're going to begin to see it this coming November, when we see what is being planted in the Southern Hemisphere, in Australia, Brazil, and Argentina.”
Acreage cuts in the Mid-South and Southeast are expected to be heavy, and there has been aggressive forward contracting in corn and soybeans. “In the Southwest, I’ve been hearing about strong cash bids on grain sorghum,” Robinson said. “And the wheat price, along with the wheat insurance price, looks pretty decent. So I am guessing that this is going to be one of those years where we have a really large year-to-year reduction in cotton acres in Texas. We’ve often had a 15 percent to 20 percent reduction. The last time was between 2006 and 2007, when we again had very high grain prices and so-so cotton prices. I think will get somewhere around 5 million acres planted in Texas.”
An El Niño, which implies a wetter winter, could encourage the switch even more, Robinson said. “Producers might hang onto those wheat crops and take them to grain, and they might be tempted to forward contract more grain sorghum or even plant more corn. There are a lot of ifs out there, but I do think we’re going to have a large cotton reduction.”
If U.S. cotton acres come in around 9.5 million bales in 2013, U.S. producers could still grow a crop of 15 million bales, Robinson noted. “If you add carryover of 5 million bales, we will have somewhere over 20 million bales of supply. If we export 12 million of that and use 3.4 million domestically, we’ll have ending stocks that are basically in the neighborhood of where they are now. From a fundamental standpoint, we should have similar price patterns and similar price levels to what we have now.”
Robinson urged producers to get with their lenders early. “From an ag lenders standpoint, with the decline in cotton prices, and the possible changes in farm policy that could take away direct payments and countercyclical payments, lenders are really operating in an uncertain picture.”
Carl Anderson, Extension professor emeritus, Texas A&M University, said cotton’s oversupply “is not going to disappear overnight. “We could see a little bit of a bump in the market early in 2013. If we get to the 80-cent level, there should definitely be some action taken by the growers to fix prices.”
Cotton market analyst Mike Stevens noted that recent U.S. exports sales of 317,000 running bales, with 265,000 bales going to China “came out of nowhere. It’s causing sellers to have second thoughts. But it’s not going to turn this market into a bull market. We are in a bear market. Rallies are to be sold. The days of the dollar cotton are now dreams.”