What is in this article?:
- What the heck happened to the cotton market?
- Global cotton numbers headed wrong way
- The cotton market desperately needs stability—something to stop the free fall. If prices don’t bounce back between now and harvest, cotton farmers may have to wait and give the market longer to hopefully adjust back up over the winter.
The combination of factors and forces that could lead to the low end of prices in the cotton market has hit. In fact, Dec14 futures dropped from about 85 cents in early May to 68 cents ending the week of July 11.
Everyone wants to know what has happened and why? Unfortunately, there are no easy answers.
Most analysts saw the possible range in prices for the 2014 crop to be from 70 to 85 cents--- 70 to 75 cents being the pessimistic outlook and 85 cents being the top or optimistic outlook.
The combination of factors/forces that would lead to the low end of that range in prices certainly appears to have materialized. In fact, we’ve seen prices (Dec14 futures) drop from about 85 cents in early May to 68 cents (last week)—closing at 68.12. Prices were able to hold support at around 76 cents or better for most of June but it’s been a freefall since then.
USDA released it’s much anticipated July production and supply/demand numbers today. But prices had already begun their slide 2 weeks ago so it’s hard to lay the blame completely on today’s report. Having said that, however, over the past couple of weeks, analysts had already begun to anticipate today’s numbers and factor that into prices—thus the slide had already begun. Today’s report not only confirmed those expectations, the numbers were actually more than expected—even worse for prices.
The US crop is estimated at 16.5 million bales. This is based on the June acres planted estimate, an abandonment of only 15 percent, and a yield of 816 lbs/acre.
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The August report will be the first to contain an actual survey-based yield estimate for this year’s crop. Crop conditions have improved and the August production estimate could move even higher. As of July 6th, 55% of the US crop was rate good to excellent compared to 53% for the previous week and 44% last year.
US exports for 2014/15 are pegged at 10.2 million bales. This compares to 9.7 million in the June estimate and 10.5 million bales last year. Given the abundance of stocks in China and worldwide, exports of over 10 million bales would be better than thought possible. It could also simply be reflecting higher export supplies and lower prices.
US ending stocks are projected to be 5.2 million bales at the end of the 2014 crop marketing year—up from 2.7 million bales on-hand going in.