This then spilled over into 2012, when early contracts were offered at about $700 to $750 per-ton to secure more acreage to get supply back in balance with demand, he says.

“We responded and planted more acres and planted just over 1.5 million acres and were blessed with some ideal growing conditions during the season,” says Lamb.

“I’ve heard a lot of people jokingly say, ‘I wonder what these new peanut varieties would yield in a good growing season?’” Well, he says, we’ve found out. Record yields were reported for both irrigated and non-irrigated peanuts from throughout the Southeast.

“This has led us to record-high production in 2012, exceeding the 3-million-farmer-stock-ton mark.

“No one is sure right now where the final production number will land. But the math is simple — we have a much over-supplied market. In just one year, we went from basically no edible quality carry out to producing a crop exceeding 3 million tons and basically flooding the market.”

With the U.S. peanut supply where it is and the amount of time it will take to shell and move the 2012 crop, Lamb doesn’t think farmers should expect attractive contract offers going into 2013. “By attractive, I mean a price that will cover all costs of production and leave a decent return, and a price that will be competitive with other crops that farmers can plant.”

At the time of this writing, the 2013 prices for cotton, corn, soybeans and wheat were $0.765, $6.60, $13.50 and $8.79, respectively.

“A lot can happen with these prices between now and planting, and more so between now and the 2013 harvest. The question is, how do they translate into competitive peanut offers such that the returns per acre are equal?”

No one is sure, says Lamb, what contract offers will be made prior to planting the 2013 peanut crop.

“And I’m certainly not going to speculate at all about this because there are too many things that can happen prior to then. Our export numbers are up, hopefully we’ll see steadily increasing domestic usage of peanuts, Argentina has just started their 2013 production season, and we’ll have to see the quantity and quality that they produce, along with many other factors.”

The outlook going into 2013 is that peanut producers delivered a huge, high-quality crop in 2012, and there will be a reduction in acres in 2013.

“The question is how much reduction we will need to get supply and demand back into a reasonable balance.

“We’ll need to wait a couple of months to let the 2012 harvest get completed and assess where we are at. Fortunately, the prices for alternative crops do offer some relief for producers.”

pholis@farmpress.com