What is in this article?:
- Kudzu bug now interfering with Southeast exports
- Sanctions hit cotton hard
• Some of Georgia’s Latin American trading partners are worried that the legume-eating pest may be headed south.
• In February, Honduran officials discovered dead kudzu bugs in a shipping container from Georgia.
• This led the country to step up inspections of cargo from Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama.
JIM HANULA (right), an entomologist with the USDA-Forest Service, shows a kudzu bug trap to Guillermo Alvarado, executive director of the International Regional Organization of Plant and Animal Health. Alvarado was one of 16 Latin Americans who travelled to the University of Georgia to learn about the kudzu bug. The Latin Americans hope the pest will not enter their countries, but they are preparing themselves in case it does.
Sanctions hit cotton hard
Gardner said the country’s cotton industry was hit hard hit by the trade sanction. Strict guidelines that require containers be cleaned before being loaded with cotton products have already helped mitigate problems of transporting the kudzu bug, Gardner said.
During their visit to Georgia March 27-29, the 16 Latin American officials toured CanAm Yarns LLC in Cedartown to see how cotton is processed and packaged before it is exported to their countries.
With the help of Spanish translators, they spent two days on the UGA campus in Griffin listening to scientific presentations on the kudzu bug and asking questions.
“We focused on having speakers deliver the most up-to-date information we have on the insect, to be totally transparent and forthcoming in those discussions, yet emphasize that this insect is not unique to the southeastern U.S.,” Gardner said. “It also hitchhikes from its native Asian range.”
In addition to the kudzu bug’s basic biology, UGA researchers discussed its host plants, potential risks, impacts on the environment and possible management strategies.
Being ahead of the game
Rogelio Trabanino, an entomologist with Escuela Agricola Panamericana, attended the meeting to learn about potential biological control methods.
“I want as much information as I can get so we will be ready to control the pest should it enter our country,” he said. “UGA has laid a lot of the groundwork for us.”
A bean-eating pest would affect the food supply
The kudzu bug feeds on legume or bean plants. In countries like Honduras, any kind of bean-eating pest has the potential to affect a major food source.
“Our initial concern is over beans because they are a main staple and a source for protein here,” said Guillermo Alvarado, executive director of the International Regional Organization of Plant and Animal Health.
“Hundreds of thousands of acres of beans are grown by small farmers, and this pest would create an additional burden to these farmers and become a food security risk for us.”
Alvarado’s organization’s major objective is to protect animal and plant health in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and the Dominican Republic.
“At the conclusion of the meeting, Honduran and OIRSA inspection and quarantine officials admitted there had been no problems with cotton product imports and acknowledged that the standard protocols used by the cotton industry are adequate in minimizing the risk of introducing the insect to their region,” Gardner said.
“They asked that similar protocols be implemented with the poultry industry and others.”
Hitchhiking on planes?
In addition to hitching rides in cargo shipments, OIRSA officials fear kudzu bugs may leave the U.S. on commercial passenger jets, he said.
“Kudzu bugs have been intercepted in the passenger area and baggage compartments of several flights originating from Atlanta with arrivals in Guatemala and Honduras,” Gardener said.
Honduran officials “have asked for some sort of protocol to address this problem. USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is working with airport authorities to develop some sort of protocols to address these risks.”
(For additional background on the kudzu bug’s spread across the Southeast states, click here).