“If you’re growing LibertyLink cotton, that technology will give you some relief. The key is timing. Ignite will kill a Palmer pigweed at about 4 or 5 inches tall. For a weed that grows 2 inches per day, you can do the math.

For controlling glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth in soybeans, growers need to maintain residual weed control from burndown through row lapping, says Patterson. “Soybeans are more competitive than cotton, but we still have to depend on residuals, perhaps using a LibertyLink system,” he says.

Suggested weed programs for soybeans include the following:

• 2,4-D at 1 pint plus glyphosate or paraquat 15 days ahead of planting.

• Prefix, Valor or Boundary (pre-emergence) behind the planter (can add Prowl H2O).

• Firstrate (no ALS resistance), Warrant or Reflex (if ALS resistance) with glyphosate (RR soybean) or Ignite (LL soybean) postemergence.

• Flexstar or Cobra postemergence.

All of these herbicides, notes Patterson, must be activated by timely rainfall or overhead irrigation. Their use will add about $20 (Prefix, Valor, Boundary, Cobra) per acre to your weed control costs above a system where two to three applications of glyphosate have worked in the past. Growers should check tolerance before using Boundary as it contains metribuzin.

Corn, says Patterson, is a horse of a different color. “Some populations of Palmer — one in South Carolina — have been found that are resistant to atrazine. I don’t believe we have that in Alabama. Atrazine still works really well.”

Recommended weed control programs for corn include the following, in addition to maintaining residual weed control from burndown through row lapping:

• 2,4-D at 1 pint plus Gramoxone plus crop oil concentrate seven days ahead of planting.

• Dual, Micro-Tech, Outlook or Harness plus simazine (2 pints) pre-emergence.

• Atrazine (3 pints) plus crop oil concentrate or atrazine (3 pints) plus glyphosate (RR corn) postemergence. Atrazine (3 pints) plus Ignite (LL corn).

• 2,4-D plus Gramoxone post-harvest after mowing stalks to kill emerged pigweed.

Again, says Patterson, residual herbicides applied pre-emergence must be activated by timely rainfall or overhead irrigation to work.

For peanuts, in addition to maintaining residual weed control from burndown through row lapping, Patterson makes the following recommendations:

• Dual, Outlook, Prowl or Sonalan preplant incorporated.

• Valor or Strongarm pre-emergence.

• Cadre/Impose (no ALS resistance) or paraquat plus 2,4-DB postemergence.

• 2,4-DB, Cobra or UltraBlazer later postemergence.

Note: All the above residual herbicides must be activated by timely rainfall or overhead irrigation in order to work. These products will add around $20 (Prefix, Valor, Boundary, Cobra) per acre to your weed control costs above a system where two to three applications of glyphosate have worked in the past. Check variety tolerance before using Boundary (contains metribuzin).

Palmer amaranth identification

• No hairs on the plant — stem and leaf surfaces are smooth.

• Leaf petioles (leaf stalk) as long or longer than the leaf blade. Leaves occasionally have v-shaped variegation. Plants do not have spines.

• Flowering structure (spike) on large plants (6-8 feet) is one to two foot long.

• Each plant is either male or female. Male flowering structure feels soft and sheds pollen, female flowering structure feels prickly and produces seed.

phollis@farmpress.com