What is in this article?:
- Lower Southeast drought conditions improved
- Pest, disease pressure increased
• In the U.S. Drought Monitor’s final summary for the month of July, drought conditions — which were rated as exceptional in some areas — have generally improved across the region.
Pest, disease pressure increased
Pest and disease pressure increased in field crops due to the improved moisture conditions coupled with the high temperatures.
Rainfall over the Panhandle boosted growth and development of some peanuts as well as cotton. Growers reported the height of some cotton plants were shorter than normal.
Peanut condition in Florida was rated 2 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 33 percent fair, and 61 percent good in late July.
In Putnam County, corn harvesting was active, and some growers in Walton County planted soybeans despite the late date.
Field preparations for the fall vegetable crop planting remained active across central and southern Peninsula areas in Florida.
Some vegetable growers were busy disking and spraying weeds in order to start laying plastic soon. Okra harvesting continued in Miami-Dade County. Light supplies of avocados were marketed with movement expected to increase during August.
Statewide, pasture and cattle conditions were mostly good in Florida. The pasture condition stabilized in the northern counties and improved in the southwestern areas.
Supplemental hay was being fed. In the Panhandle and northern areas, pasture ranged from very poor to excellent condition with most in fair to good condition.
Rainfall helped pastures to improve, but much of the pastureland had not recovered from the drought of the past several months. Livestock owners were feeding hay where pastures had been overgrazed.
The condition of the cattle ranged from poor to excellent, with most fair to good.
In the central area, the pasture and cattle varied from very poor to excellent, with most in fair to good condition.
In the southwest area, pasture and cattle conditions varied from poor to excellent, with most in good condition. Grasshopper damage was noted in some pastures. Stock pond water levels were up and some low lying pasture was flooded.