• The standard deduction rises to $6,100 ($12,200 for married couples filing jointly), up from $5,950 ($11,900 for married couples filing jointly) for tax year 2012.

• The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 added a limitation for itemized deductions claimed on 2013 returns of individuals with incomes of $250,000 or more ($300,000 for married couples filing jointly).

• The personal exemption rises to $3,900, up from the 2012 exemption of $3,800. However beginning in 2013, the exemption is subject to a phase-out that begins with adjusted gross incomes of $150,000 ($300,000 for married couples filing jointly). It phases out completely at $211,250 ($422,500 for married couples filing jointly.)

• The Alternative Minimum Tax exemption amount for tax year 2013 is $51,900 ($80,800, for married couples filing jointly), set by the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which indexes future amounts for inflation. The 2012 exemption amount was $50,600 ($78,750 for married couples filing jointly).

• The maximum Earned Income Credit amount is $6,044 for taxpayers filing jointly who have 3 or more qualifying children, up from a total of $5,891 for tax year 2012.

• Estates of decedents who die during 2013 have a basic exclusion amount of $5,250,000, up from a total of $5,120,000 for estates of decedents who died in 2012.

• The amount used to reduce the net unearned income reported on a child’s tax return subject to the “kiddie tax,” is $1,000, up from $950 for 2012.

• The foreign earned income exclusion rises to $97,600, up from $95,100 in 2012.

As farms manage more gross income, the need for improved financial accounting systems and increased management of farm income becomes necessary. Michigan State University Extensionrecommends that farms consider financial management options like the Telfarm Farm Financial management system.

Information on agricultural tax topics can be found in the “Farmers Tax Guide,” publication 225. This publication along with others is available from the IRS by calling the IRS directly at (800) 829-1040 or going to http://www.irs.gov. You can also find several tax related articles and helpful links by visiting the FIRMfarm management webpageunder the Tax Information Resource tab.

 

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