What is in this article?:
- Beef shortage means hold on to the cows
- Has taken long time
• The clear message for beef producers is to hold on to cows as the beef industry has a positive outlook for a number of years to come.
Has taken long time
"It has taken a long time, but 2011 is expected to see a record 10 percent of U.S. production heading to foreign consumers," Hurt said.
There have been several drivers of higher exports. One was the re-opening of the South Korean market in July 2008 after they banned U.S. beef in late 2003. Although South Korea was our fourth largest buyer in 2010, they have jumped to the second largest buyer in 2011 with purchases so far this year more than double the same period in 2010.
"Japanese purchases are up over 50 percent, which is probably also related to the earthquake/tsunami disaster there," Hurt said.
There is a more fundamental driver of favorable beef trade patterns for U.S. producers, however, and that is the weakness of the U.S. dollar. A weak U.S. dollar implies that some foreign currencies are strengthening and providing incentives for both more beef exports and less beef imports.
"U.S. beef imports from New Zealand, Australia and Canada are down 6, 25, and 26 percent this year, whereas imports from Australia are off 89 percent. These are the four largest sources of U.S. beef imports," he said.
Beef exports so far this year are up 27 percent, with large increases to three of our four largest customers: Canada, Japan and South Korea.
"In fact, the U.S. became a net exporter of beef beginning in September 2010. This is the first time in modern history that the beef industry has exported more beef than they imported.
“So far this year the United States has a net trade surplus of over 2 percent of production. This compares with a nearly 2 percent trade deficit in the same period last year, meaning about 4 percent less supplies available to American consumers due to changes in trade," Hurt said.
Placements into feedlots in June were surprisingly high, at 4 percent higher than placements a year earlier. The larger placements were due to a rapid movement of calves weighing less than 700 pounds into feedlots.
This was probably related to some backgrounders running out of feed and to lower feed prices in June that gave feedlot managers more confidence in potential positive margins.
"Finished cattle prices are expected to reach summer lows in late August in the $106 to $110 range, similar to current prices. As the weather cools into September, prices are expected to rise seasonally and to average $112 to $116 in the final quarter. For the entire year, this will mean averages of $109 to $112," he said.
First and second quarter prices in 2012 are expected to set records once again with quarterly averages climbing to $115 to $120. Peak seasonal prices in the early spring of 2012 could reach $125.
"Calf prices this fall will be further strengthened if corn and soybean yields can approach normal levels and corn prices drop 70 to 90 cents per bushel from summer levels. The clear message for beef producers is to hold on to cows as the beef industry has a positive outlook for a number of years to come," Hurt said.