· Monitor calf health closely, particularly for signs of scours and pneumonia, have treatment supplies on hand;

· Observe newborn calves to ensure colostrum intake first few hours of life. Provide selenium and vitamin A & D injections to newborn calves. Castrate commercial calves at birth.


· Finalize plans and protocols for breeding season. Establish calendar to map timing of synchronization program to be used during breeding season. Have supplies and semen on hand;

· Breed heifers 2-4 weeks ahead of mature cows to allow longer post-partum interval prior to second breeding season;

· Schedule and conduct breeding soundness exams on herd sires, including annual vaccinations;

·Manage newly acquired herd sires properly to prepare them for the breeding season. Yearling bulls often lose 100-plus pounds during their first breeding season. Adjust them to the feed and environment of their new home, and commingle bulls of same age/weight for a period of time prior to turnout. Ample exercise, in combination with a proper nutritional program, is essential to make them physically fit for the breeding season.


· Finalize genetic goals and selection criteria for upcoming breeding season (both AI and natural service sires);

· Collect remaining yearling performance data (weight, height, scrotal, ultrasound) in seedstock herds.

Fall calving herds — September-November


· Schedule and conduct pregnancy diagnosis with veterinarian 45-60 days following breeding season;

· Evaluate potential options for marketing of calf crop, including timing of weaning to meet operational goals. Calculate break-evens on various marketing options and consider risk management strategies;

· Reimplant commercial calves.

Nutrition and forages:

· Begin creep feeding or creep grazing calves if desired;

· Cows are entering latter portion of lactation, above average to good quality hay should meet nutritional requirements;

· Although pasture green-up is beginning, hay should be continued to be offered until consumption declines significantly;

· Reserve high quality hay and a pasture area for calves post-weaning.

Herd health:

· Consult with veterinarian on vaccination protocol for calf crop. Design vaccination and weaning program around marketing goals and objectives.


· Collect weaning weights on calf crop at optimum time (typical age range 160-250 days), along with cow weights, hip heights and body condition scores (cow mature size data taken within 45 days of calf weaning measure).