They may also turn purple as sugars accumulate. These sugars accumulate because they aren't being used to support root growth or for top growth as water uptake declines. He said the only cure for this is to have the soil near the base of the stem get wet, thereby allowing roots to penetrate and grow.

"There are always concerns about how poor growing conditions or stress during early vegetative growth — V5 to V8 or so — might result in permanent damage to yield potential," Nafziger said.

"This concern arises from the knowledge that the ear starts to develop during this period, and the assumption that full potential can only be reached when conditions are ideal. While we would rather have the crop experience no stress during the entire season, there is little evidence to suggest that yields are often curtailed by what happens during vegetative growth."

He said it's difficult to do an experiment in "controlled stress" where researchers can actually test this. But observations, along with what experiments have been run, suggest that as long as the height and leaf area of the crop aren't compromised, crops that undergo some stress during early to mid-vegetative growth can yield very well.

"In part, the resistance of corn to stress during mid-vegetative growth or earlier to mild or moderate stress is related to counter-balancing, positive effects that accompany the stress," he said.

For example, dry June weather usually comes with a lot of sunshine, so daily photosynthetic rates may be high even though leaves curl some in late afternoon. High temperatures help speed crop development, even though they tend to favor top growth over root growth.

"Much of the stress tolerance of young corn plants stems from the fact that it's a crop of tropical origin," Nafziger said.

"Corn is physiologically resilient and not easily damaged by the ups and downs of a typical growing season."