Based on a survey of Georgia growers contacted around Sept. 1, crop yields for tobacco, cotton and corn all showed slight decreases from the previous month.
Soybean yield remained the same as last month, while peanuts showed a slight increase. Disease problems have been minimal most of the year.
Condition of most crops has generally been fair to good most of the growing season. Irrigation has been very active this summer, as dry conditions prevailed.
Peanut production in Georgia is forecast at 2.16 billion pounds, compared with last year’s 1.64 billion pounds. Planted and harvested acres are up slightly from last month. Planted acres are at 695,000 and harvested acres at 685,000. Yields across Georgia’s peanut belt are expected to average 3,150 pounds per acre, 50 pounds more than last month and the same as last year. Growers were just beginning to dig peanuts by the first part of September. Spraying for insects and diseases continued throughout the month. As of Sept. 7, 64 percent of the peanut crop was rated good to excellent, 30 percent was rated fair, and 6 percent was rated poor to very poor.
Georgia's 2008 cotton crop is forecast to average 797 pounds of lint per harvested acre, 12 pounds less than last month, and 4 pounds per acre less than last year. Planted acreage at 950,000 acres is 50,000 acres higher than the August estimate, but 80,000 acres less than 2007. Acreage expected to be harvested this fall is estimated at 940,000 acres, up 50,000 acres from last month, but 55,000 acres less than last year. Production is estimated at 1.56 million bales, 6 percent less than last year’s 1.66 million bales. As of Sept. 7, 41 percent of the cotton crop was rated good to excellent, 42 percent was rated fair, and 17 percent was rated poor to very poor.
Tobacco yields for 2008 are expected to average 2,350 pounds per acre, 100 pounds less than last month, but 200 pounds more than last year. Acreage harvested is expected to be 16,500 acres, 2,000 acres less than last year. This puts potential production at 38.8 million pounds for the year 2008, 3 percent less than in 2007. As of Sept. 7, 81 percent of the crop had been harvested, about a week behind normal.
Corn yield for 2008 is expected to average 135 bushels per harvested acre, 5 bushels below last month, but 5 bushels per acre more last year. Georgia’s total corn production is expected to total 43.2 million bushels from 320,000 acres harvested for grain. Production is down 26 percent from last year. The dry summer caused irrigating to be very active. The corn for grain harvest is slightly below normal with 59 percent of the crop harvested by Sept. 7. This harvest progress compares with 64 percent for the 5-year average.
Soybean yields in Georgia are forecast at 30 bushels per harvested acre, the same as last month. Production is forecast at 12.2 million bushels, up significantly from the 8.3 million bushels last year. Harvested acres are estimated at 405,000, the same as last month, but up 130,000 acres from last year’s 275,000 acres.