One of the most important decisions growers make in growing wheat is choosing the right variety or varieties to plant.

Many differences exist among the varieties and, therefore, it is important to assess what characteristics are most important for their production area.

Growers should choose several varieties to plant to reduce risk and improve their chances of success every season.

The following information is provided to understand the differences in each of the varieties that are recommended in Georgia.

AgSouth Genetics (AGS):

AGS 2060 is one of a handful of early maturing varieties with excellent yield potential. It has very good leaf and stripe rust resistance and very good Hessian fly resistance and test weight but is susceptible to powdery mildew. It has a short vernalization requirement and matures earlier than AGS 2000 or 2031. It will lodge with high N rates.

AGS 2026 is marketed by AGS and is recommended statewide. While this variety has slightly less straw strength than AGS 2020, it is an excellent variety with very good disease resistance and Hessian fly resistance and excellent yield. In addition, it is one of a very few varieties with Biotype L Hessian fly resistance. It has good soil borne mosaic virus resistance. This variety requires more vernalization than AGS 2000.

AGS 2035 is a variety that was developed by the University of Georgia and has good leaf and stripe rust resistance, good test weight and yield, moderate Hessian fly resistance but is susceptible to powdery mildew. It is medium maturing with good soil borne virus resistance.

UniSouth Genetics (USG):

USG 3555 yields similar to AGS lines. It has a larger vernalization requirement than most. It is

susceptible to leaf rust and hessian fly but has good yield and straw strength.

USG 3295 is equal in yield to AGS 2000. It is similar in maturity but has better disease resistance and unfortunately is susceptible to current biotypes of Hessian fly and therefore must be treated with an insecticide.

USG 3120 was developed by the University of Georgia and is sold by UniSouth Genetics. It has good resistance to Hessian fly and moderate resistance to leaf rust, stripe rust and powdery mildew. It has a short vernalization requirement, flowers early and has good test weight. It is susceptible to soil borne mosaic virus.

Pioneer:

Pioneer 26R61 is considered one of two standard wheat varieties grown in Georgia. The other is AGS 2000. Pioneer 26R61 still has good resistance to stripe rust and soil borne mosaic virus but is susceptible to most other wheat diseases (mildew, leaf rust, glume blotch) and therefore responds well to a fungicide treatment. It has good yield and test weight. Currently, it is the only Pioneer line recommended for Georgia

Syngenta Seeds:

Coker 9553 is a medium maturing variety with yield equal to Pioneer 26R61 and AGS 2000. It is slightly susceptible to leaf rust and glume blotch and therefore responds well to a fungicide. It is susceptible to Hessian fly and is recommended for north Georgia only. It is a good choice for grazing in north Georgia.

Magnolia is a variety that is well suited for north Georgia. It has good yield, test weight and straw strength but is susceptible to Hessian fly, leaf rust and powdery mildew but is resistant to stripe rust. It is recommended that an insecticide and fungicide be used with this variety.