What is in this article?:
• The ‘root’ of the problem was literally a lack of root system, compounded by the inability of farmers to plant on time and to fertilize their crops on time.
• The results were inevitable and the bottom line impact of record rainfall throughout much of the cropping season will be an economic hurdle for those unfortunate to be in the heaviest hit areas.
CORN WAS the only major Southeast crop that benefitted from record rainfall across the region.
North Carolina cotton
In North Carolina, historically one of the largest cotton producing states in the Southeast, cotton yield is forecast to be 790 pounds per acre, down a whopping 221 pounds per acre from last year’s crop.
Cotton acreage in North Carolina was nearly a million acres a few years back, but dropped for the third consecutive year, down to 460,000 acres statewide.
In Georgia, easily the largest cotton producing state in the Southeast, average yield is expected to be about 200 pounds per acre less than last year, but still a respectable 890 bushels per acre.
Total production, however, will be less in 2013, despite a slight increase in cotton acreage from 2012 totals.
South Carolina will be the hardest hit among the Southeast states in cotton production. Average cotton yield in the Palmetto State is expected to drop to about 660 pounds per acre, down by nearly 300 pounds per acre from 2012.
Acreage was down slightly (40,000 acres) from 2012 totals, but production is expected to drop from 593,000 bales in 2012 to 350,000 bales in 2013.
North Carolina is by far the largest soybean producing state in the Southeast, typically planting 1.5 million acres or so.
This year was no exception as growers were coming off a record year in 2012, which saw the state yield record of 30 bushels per acre crushed as growers produced an all-time record 39 bushels per acre.
In 2013, conventional, full-season beans were hard hit by rains and cloudy, cool weather during critical bloom and pod set stages.
Double-crop soybeans, which historically comprise more than half the total acres in North Carolina and other Upper Southeast states, were devastated by delays.
Most double-crop soybeans are planted behind wheat and wheat harvest was a near disaster in some regions of the Southeast, most prominently the Piedmont Region of North Carolina.