What is in this article?:
- Texas cotton, grain sorghum dodge freeze bullet
- Would lose color
• Cotton and grain sorghum weathered an early October freeze better than many observers feared.
• Some problems may warrant attention as growers prepare for harvest.
• Grain test weight could be affected.
Would lose color
“Stalks damaged by the freeze would lose their light or pale green color and begin to turn tan and brown if they were frozen. Checks of grain maturation on these same fields suggest that grain maturity is advancing forward from soft dough to hard dough due to continued growth and heat unit accumulation. This will help increase yield and result in improved test weights.”
Trostle recommended that grain sorghum producers touch base with grain elevators before taking their grain in.
“Elevators and grain buyers have provided information on their discount schedule for low-test weight grain sorghum,” he said. “It appears that most buyers will likely buy grain sorghum at test weights down to 48 pounds per bushel. Unless you have your grain contracted, it is best to call several buyers to see what might be your best option if you determine you have low test weight grain sorghum at harvest time.”
Siders said cotton growers are also concerned about damage potential. News for cotton is also good, with minor cautions, including the larger number of acres that have to be checked.
“After sending out an update on grain sorghum I have received requests for an update on the impact of the freeze to cotton,” Siders said.
“With so many more acres of cotton we have many more scenarios that have played out over the last 10 days. In general, I would say that cotton has fared better than some may have anticipated here in Hockley and Cochran Counties.”
He did say, however, that he’s seeing immature bolls beginning to sour on late cotton and/or on the part of the crop set later in the season that did not have a boll opener applied within the first week of the freeze.
“Most of the damage to better cotton was absorbed by the foliage,” Siders said. “This has caused an unexpected consequence of stimulating regrowth in the stalk. This will complicate matters more if this continues and we do not receive a hard killing freeze soon. As long as current warm sunny weather pattern continues, harvest aids should continue to be mostly effective, but regrowth will be difficult to deal with.”