What is in this article?:
- Intercropping helps Georgia farmers save money, time and resources
- Cotton fertilizer costs reduced
• Planting melons and cotton together is proving to reduce planting time and costs while generating the same, if not more, profit for some Georgia farmers.
WATERMELON and cotton plants grow together in a south Georgia field.
Cantaloupes and cotton might seem like an odd couple but they’re actually proving to be a perfect pair.
Planting the two together is proving to reduce planting time and costs while generating the same, if not more, profit for some Georgia farmers.
Tift County Extension Coordinator Brian Tankersley has been studying the planting method, called intercropping, since 2010 and has seen positive results in some of his farmers’ fields.
He has also found that management and yields from intercropping canteloupes and watermelons with cotton are comparable to planting the melons alone.
William Dillard, who farms in Excelsior, approached Tankersley about planting cantaloupe and cotton in the same field after seeing the process in another farmer’s field.
Prep once, harvest twice
“You prep your land one time for the melons. All you’re doing is going in and seeding so you don’t have as much cost as far as re-prepping your land,” Dillard said.
Intercropping also saves valuable time during the growing season.
“Once you get through with the melons, it’s very hard to get a second crop and get it to where you can get it to grow before frost. This way you’re able to get it planted in a timely manner,” he said.
One of Dillard’s intercropped fields produced 1,200 pounds of cotton without affecting the cantaloupe yields and the other produced 800 pounds of cotton without affecting the melon yield.
“The difference was he ran out of water in the cotton crop on that second field,” Tankersley said.
In 2011, five growers participated in an evaluation study led by Tankersley. The study consisted of 12 fields, totaling 385 acres. The farmers intercropped 1,000 acres, but only collected data on 385.
The 385 acres yielded between 840 to 1,579 pounds an acre with an average of 1,216 pounds, or about two and half bales of cotton per acre. Georgia farmers produce an average of about 90 to 950 pounds an acre when cotton is grown alone.
Fertilizer goes farther
Intercropping allows farmers to make better use of what could be limited resources, Tankersley said.