Despite recent and welcomed improvement, the outlook remains guarded. The expected range on prices (Dec14 futures) is 75 to 85 cents. The most pessimistic outlook would be generated by increased US and World production, flat and slow-improving demand, and increased use of stocks by China (which would lower US exports). A more optimistic scenario would be the result of lower US and World production, more improvement in demand, and China policies that would not result in significantly lower imports.

The chart above indicates to me that this market is comfortable at the 79 to 80-cent area—having spent the better part of the last 6 weeks in that area. This “breakout” to 81 cents will be tested and we’ll see if it can hold or go even higher. My guess is that it’s too early to move too much higher given the World conditions as we think we know them.

Dry conditions are reported in the Texas Plains. Freezing temperatures are forecast for tonight in some areas. Both these conditions may delay the beginning of planting for some producers. Some areas of the Southeast are still too wet for field work and near-term dry-down is needed. This may result in shift of some intended corn acres into cotton or other crops. The market will move on US acreage and crop conditions but perhaps be not as sensitive as it typically would given the massive level of World stocks and the expected decline in US exports (Chinese demand for cotton imports).

Food for thought

If you typically sell cotton with bale contracts, contracts typical call for “no ups” or no premiums paid for quality. If you have a very good ability and record of producing higher-quality cotton, you might try purchasing a Put Option instead and selling on the cash market where quality is paid (quality premium possibly offsetting the cost of the Put). A disadvantage would be that the cash basis is typically larger than the contract basis.

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